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How To Cup Coffee!

Cupping is a technique to evaluate different coffees. It has been used by coffee producers and roasters since hundreds of years. It is a tasting practice and the main purpose of cupping is to discover flavors and nuances of coffee. Cupping coffee is not an easy task and if you really want to know the intricate details on how to cup coffee, setting up the cupping session, evaluating the coffee, and everything else about cupping then keep reading!

Zooming in on How to Cup Coffee

Cupping basically involves a three-stage sensory analysis that highlights the positive or negative qualities of a particular coffee. This technique is extremely efficient for comparing various coffee lots to each other. By using this method, you can know the exact problem related to consistency or quality of a coffee. While cupping can be done alone, often it is done in a group so that you compare the observations and opinions of others on what you are sampling. For beginners, group cupping is the best method to discover new qualities of coffee.

Cuppers find cupping to be a tiring task as they have to cup around 8 lots of coffee at one time, with 4 samples in each lot. Let me do the math for you! That comes to 32 cups of coffee on one table, which certainly is a lot of work. Moreover, there may be around 4-5 tables for a day! Evaluating so many cups of coffee surely is a complex job. However, cupping is the finest way to evaluate coffee and to know the best ones among the lot. Also, when done in a group, it is one of the most fun activities for you to participate.

Setting up the coffee cupping session! 

Coffee tasting notes

So, are you ready for coffee cupping? Well, you need to start with setting up the entire session of cupping. Then, the actual fun will start by tasting and smelling coffee. Listed below are the important aspects that you need to follow for setting up the coffee cupping session:

  • Organize: The first step is to set up the entire session and organize it by keeping all ingredients ready. Label the bowls with numbers and place them on the table. Labeling is very important as it will be easier to identify them while writing about it. Place a tray behind each bowl, wherein you will be discarding the coffee crust after tasting it. Keep some clean spoons in a tall glass, which will be needed for tasting coffee. Most of the cuppers use soup spoons so that they can taste a good amount of coffee. Provide pen and paper to all those who are participating in the cupping session as they will be jotting down their observations.
  • Weighing the coffee: Now it’s time to weigh the coffee. Each kind of coffee has to be weighed in two portions. One portion is to be used for grounding, while the other one is to be used for cupping. Weigh around 9 gm of each coffee and place it in a small cup in front of each bowl.
Then, weigh 18 gm of each coffee and place it in their respective bowls.
  • Heating the water: The next step is to heat the water for making coffee. As there are many cups of coffee to be made, fill the kettle as much as it can hold water and boil it. Once boiled, add some hot water to the glass containing spoons so that the tasting spoons remain at the same temperature as that of the coffee cups.
  • Cleaning the grinder: This is an important step as any residual coffee ground needs to be cleaned from the grinder. If there is old coffee ground stuck in the grinder, then the coffee samples won’t have precise taste.
  • Ground the coffee: Once the grinder is cleaned properly, you need to ground 18 gm of coffee sample in a grinder and put it in its respective bowl. Similarly, ground the rest of the samples of coffee and add them to their respective bowls.

Once the setting up is done, the next step is to start with the actual cupping.

So, let’s start with coffee cupping!

How to cup coffee

  • Smelling the coffee: The first step is to take notes by smelling the grounded coffee. The right way of doing it is by keeping the mouth open and taking a big sniff of the coffee. Write down whatever you feel the coffee smells like – it could be anything. For instance, cinnamon, nutty, stale, or anything else. Repeat this step for smelling all samples of coffee. Do not forget to mention their numbers with each comment that you write about the fragrance of coffee.
  • Adding water to the coffee: Once the smelling session is over, the next step is to add boiled water to each bowl of coffee as quickly as possible. Freshly grounded coffee always has aromas and flavors better than the pre-grounded ones. So, the faster you add water in each bowl of ground coffee, the better it will smell and taste. Make sure that you add water with a measuring cup so that each bowl has equal amount of water in it.
  • Smell the coffee again: Now that you have added water to the coffee, you need to smell each of the bowls again and write down the notes. Mention the differences that you notice in the smell of coffee after adding water. Ensure that you do not shake the cup at all while smelling it.
  • Breaking the crust of the coffee: Take a spoon and mix the coffee and water. Usually, when you add water to coffee, the coffee ground floats to the surface. So, you need to push them to the bottom of the cup by mixing it with spoon. Make sure that you smell the coffee at the time of breaking the crust. This is the time when the aromas of the coffee are extremely strong, so take notes instantly. Also, ensure that you rinse the spoon everytime with warm water before breaking the crust of the next coffee sample.
  • Sipping the coffee: This is the best part of cupping coffee – tasting freshly brewed coffee bowls! Take a spoonful of coffee and drink it. Observe the flavor carefully and note down the observations. Take coffee tasting notes for each bowl of coffee and try to compare each bowl. As the coffee cools, you may detect new flavors. So, it is important to note down the observations when it is warm and while it is cooled considerably.
  • Comparing the notes: The final step is to compare your notes with other participants. Analyzing and assessing coffee is the main criteria of cupping coffee.
So, you need to share your experience with other participants.

You need to be extremely descriptive while cupping coffee. The key to cupping coffee is practice and being humble. Most of the cuppers are eager to learn, as there are several occasions when the participants do not always agree on a particular flavor or taste. So, respecting the observations of other participant is extremely vital. After all, cupping coffee is a fun and interesting session, which should be enjoyed by all participants.

How to evaluate coffee!

How to evaluate coffee

Evaluating different components of coffee is helpful in discovering a preferred origin, taste, and flavor of coffee. Mostly, the cupping coffee session is done to compare the coffee from different countries or regions. Some common topics that you could discuss about with other participants are mentioned below:

  • The aroma of coffee: Aroma is an integral part of cupping coffee. It highlights the scent of coffee before hot water is added to it.
  • Thick or watery: In spite of you adding equal measurement of coffee ground and water, some coffee will be thick while others will be watery. So, sharing your thoughts on the same is necessary.
  • The aftertaste of coffee: The lingering taste on the tongue after sipping coffee is known as aftertaste. Some aftertastes are spicy while others are smoky.
  • Flavors in a particular cup of coffee: This is the most important part of cupping coffee. The flavor of coffee depends on the quality of beans, nutrients supplied to beans at the time of growth, roast levels, and much more.
  • Weak, balanced, or strong coffee: The body of the coffee can be accomplished by checking the sensation of fats, sediments, and oils from the coffee right after adding hot water.
  • The acidity of the coffee: Acidity of the coffee determines its overall character. For instance, if the coffee was dry, flat, sharp, and so on. Acidity is felt on the tongue while tasting coffee and not in the stomach.
Cupping can be immensely pleasurable for novices too.

It is the best way to understand and explore the unique tastes of coffee and note down the differences between coffees. Describing coffee accurately requires a lot of practice. With time, your palate will strengthen and you will be able to describe each bowl of coffee precisely. Cupping is a great way to explore the uniqueness of each coffee and understand its characteristics. By comparing and contrasting coffee against each other, you get a better idea of each coffee. Now that you have learnt how to cup coffee, ensure that you use the same method each time of cupping, as uniformity is the key to accurate evaluation. Enjoy your cupping coffee session!

How To Make Italian Coffee!

Coffee is an integral part of Italian culture and espresso is the first word that comes to one’s mind when thinking of Italian coffee. ‘Espresso’ is an Italian term that actually means to be made on the spot. The main idea of making espresso in Italy was to reduce the time that is required for preparing coffee in cafés and restaurants. Now let’s zoom in on how to make Italian coffee.

Italian coffee comes in many variations

There are various types of Italian coffee served in Italy, which highly depends on how strong or mild you want your cup of coffee. People usually wonder how to make Italian coffee in the traditionally manner and the differences between various beverages served in Italy. For solving your queries, keep reading this article till the end. In this post, you will find the recipe to make perfect Italian coffee, information on the Italian percolator, details on numerous types of beverages, and much more.

To begin with, let’s know more about the utensil used for making coffee. The Italian coffee is made in moka pots at home whereas in cafés and restaurants, it is dispensed from electric espresso coffee makers. Also known as the Italian percolator, the moka coffee pot was invented in the year 1933. Since then it has not changed its design at all.

The only difference in the moka pots found now is that they are made up of steel or other alloys and hardly made up of aluminum. However, they still work exactly in the same manner. The moka pot helps in making rich and authentic espresso in few minutes. It diffuses heat perfectly to enhance the aroma of your coffee.

There are several types of Italian coffee that you can make from your moka pot like cappuccino, latte, macchiato, etc. The main difference in each of them is the amount of milk you add and whether you are adding hot milk or foamed milk. Discussed below are seven different kinds of Italian coffee and the way in which you could distinguish them:

Discussed below are seven different kinds of Italian coffee and the way in which you could distinguish them:


  • Espresso: It is a strong coffee that is made up of creamy and thick milk. Espresso is the base for making other beverages like cappuccino, latte, and macchiato. Espressos are served in tiny cups and can be relished throughout the day.
  • Cappuccino: Cappuccino is formed by layers; the top layer is foamed milk, middle one is hot milk, and the bottom layer has espresso coffee. All three layers are divided in equal proportion. The milk added in cappuccino is steamed and is topped with frothy milk. As there is lot of milk and foam in cappuccino, Italians prefer drinking it at the time of breakfast and avoid it later than that.
  • Latte: Caffé latte literally means coffee with milk. It is an espresso that is made up of steamed hot milk. However, the content of foam in it is quite less in comparison to cappuccino.
  • Macchiato: Caffé Macchiato is an espresso that has a spot of hot milk in it. It is served in tiny espresso cups. The quantity of milk and foam is very less in it as compared to cappuccino. So, Italians relish it throughout the day.
  • Caffé Doppio: If you place an order for caffé Doppio in Italy then you will be served with two espressos in one cup. A condensed version of it is known as caffé Ristretto.
  • Caffé Americano: It is a lighter version of espresso as hot water is added to it, but is yet stronger than the traditional American styled coffee. It is usually served in a large cup or a glass.
  • Caffé Shakerato: Caffé Shakerato is chilled espresso that can be enjoyed on a hot summer day. The espresso is poured over cold milk and shaken to make froth.

After reading about the different kinds of brews served in Italy, do you want to know how to make perfect Italian coffee in the moka pots? Believe me; it is very simple to use the Italian percolator!

Here is the step-by-step process to make Italian coffee in the Italian percolator, which is even known as the Italian stovetop espresso maker:

italian stovetop espresso maker

  • Start by unscrewing the top section of the stovetop percolator from the bottom section.
  • Remove the coffee holder from the bottom section.
  • Fill fresh and filtered cold water in the bottom section. The level of release valve has been marked in the percolator, so fill the water up to the mark.
  • Replace the coffee holder into the bottom section.
  • Add powdered coffee into the holder. Depending on how strong or mild you require your cup of coffee, you should add the coffee powder.

Italian stovetop maker

  • Screw the top section to the bottom section of the percolator. Ensure that you screw them tightly otherwise the coffee may spill out.
  • The next step is to put the percolator on the stove and let the water boil. When you hear gurgling sounds, this means that your coffee is ready.
  • Voila! Switch off the flame and pour the black coffee in a cup. If you prefer having your coffee with milk then pour the black coffee in hot milk.

italian percolator

Easy, isn’t it? If you are still facing some problems while making a perfect brew, then here are some amazing tips for you to follow.

Tips to make the perfect beverage in the Italian stovetop espresso maker:

  • Ensure that you buy good-quality coffee beans, which are roasted and grounded well. Freshly roasted and finely powdered coffee will give you the right flavor.
  • Generally, espresso coffee is made of dark roast. However, depending on your preference you can select any coffee.
  • In the percolator, the heated water briefly passes through the coffee. So, it is important to use finely powdered coffee than coarsely grounded.
  • Purchase a percolator that fits on your gas stove otherwise you will have to buy a gas reducer ring to bridge the gap between the gas stove and percolator.
  • Do not overfill or compress the coffee in the coffee holder, as the water won’t be able to penetrate easily.
  • If you want your espresso to be thick and strong then add little less water.
  • Is your coffee having a burnt taste? Then, it means that you had kept the Italian percolator on high flame. Always make coffee on low or medium heat.
  • If you prefer having sweetened coffee then add sugar in the bottom section of the percolator at the time of adding water.
  • Remember to rinse the percolator immediately after cooling it, under running water. Make sure that you empty the coffee grounds and rinse the seal too.

how to make Italian coffee

How to make Italian Coffee, wrap up

With these tips you will certainly be able to make a flavorful cup of coffee every single day. Moreover, using the Italian percolator and making espresso is extremely easy. Cleaning the pot is simple too; you just need to follow the instructions mentioned in the booklet that arrives at the time of purchase. The moka pots are available in various sizes based on the number of coffee cups they produce, so buy accordingly.

If you are using the percolator for the first time then ensure that you clean it well. Make a weak brew of coffee and discard it. This will clean the percolator well and make it ready for use. Also, if your coffee does not taste the way it should at the first try, then it only means that you need more practice! Eventually, you will learn the exact amount of coffee, water, and sugar that you need to add as well as the right time to switch off the flame of the moka pot. Keep practicing and you will learn how to make Italian coffee that tastes the best!

How to make Irish coffee!

Irish coffee is an alcoholic drink that is usually consumed late in the evenings. Across the world, there are several drinks that are made with coffee and alcohol. To name a few; the Jamaican coffee that is made with rum and the Gaelic coffee that is prepared by adding Scotch Whiskey. However, nothing can beat the Irish coffee as it is super easy to prepare. Read on and you will learn how to make Irish coffee.

Though the Irish coffee was invented in 1942, gradually there were several variations done to it. The choice of coffee beans that were used and the method of brewing it differed significantly. However, in this article the authentic recipe of Irish coffee has been posted. So, read on to know more about the history, recipe, and some amazing tips to make the perfect cocktail.

How to make Irish coffee

Want to know who invented the Irish coffee? Here you go:

In 1942, Joe Sheridan thought of adding whiskey to coffee and offering them to American travelers on a cold, windy night. His main purpose was to make the travelers who were visiting Ireland feel warm and nice on a winter night. This is how the Irish coffee came into existence! Soon, it became an airport speciality in Ireland and gradually got popular across the world. Presently, there are thousands of restaurants and cafes serving Irish coffee to their customers.

Do you actually know what’s in the Irish coffee?

When you think of Irish coffee, four important things should come to mind – whiskey, coffee, cream, and sugar and among these the star attraction of Irish coffee is whiskey. Even though you can use any type of whiskey but the first preference for making ideal Irish coffee is to use Irish whiskey.

Here is the traditional Irish coffee recipe:

Preparing Irish coffee is very simple! It doesn’t take more than 10 minutes to make the entire glass. So, it has always been a great cocktail recipe for serving guests. Listed below are the ingredients for making Irish coffee:

  • Whipped cream
  • Brown sugar or normal sugar
  • Whiskey, preferably Irish
  • Strong, black coffee
  • Pinch of powdered nutmeg

Now, let’s start preparing Irish coffee:

The first step is to warm an Irish coffee glass. If you pour hot coffee in a cold glass, it may crack, so warming it is necessary. An easy way to do this is by filling it with warm water. Make sure that you drain the water completely before using it for serving coffee. Then, you need to make sugar syrup. For this, take half cup of water and 1 cup of sugar in a saucepan. Heat it until the sugar dissolves well. Once done, remove it from the flame and let it cool. The entire sugar syrup will not be added in a single glass of coffee. You can use some as per your taste and keep the extra sugar syrup in the refrigerator. It can be utilized next day while making coffee.

The next step is to whip the thick cream well. You need to acquire ropy consistency. After the cream is whipped well, keep it in the refrigerator until used. Subsequently, make black, strong coffee by using freshly grounded beans. Depending on your preferences, you can prepare any kind of coffee. Some people make espresso coffee by using fully automatic coffee brewers while others make filter coffee. However, always make sure that you prepare coffee right before serving. This is because it needs to be real hot at the time you add it to the glass.

How to make Irish coffee, the final step

Then comes the best part – building the drink in the right manner! Take the warmed glass and put whiskey in it. Add sugar syrup and mix it well. Then, add freshly brewed hot coffee. It is essential to pour freshly brewed coffee that is piping hot. This will help in the cream to float well on the Irish coffee. Gently spoon cold whipped cream on top of the coffee. It should be at least 3/4th inch thick. The cream should float well on the coffee. Add some grounded nutmeg on the cream for flavor. To decorate your coffee, you can try some coffee art on the cream by using powdered nutmeg. Alternatively, you can even garnish the coffee with powdered cinnamon. Serve it instantly!

The most important and tricky part of making Irish coffee is to get the cream float on top. This will take some days to master as the cream should be perfectly whipped for the coffee. The kicker here is to have very hot coffee and very cold cream. Moreover, the cream should be whipped until it reaches a thick consistency. This will help in making it float well in the cup.

Ingredients in Irish coffee

Are you still unable to make perfect Irish coffee? Don’t worry!

Just use the below-mentioned tips and you will surely end up making the ideal cocktail:  

  • Always add sugar to your coffee as without it, the cream won’t float properly. In short, Irish coffee is not for those who prefer to have unsweetened coffee.
  • Ensure that the coffee you add is of high-quality beans, grounded well, and freshly brewed.
  • The traditional Irish coffee has brown sugar, so make sure that you too add that in your brew as it will enhance the flavor.
  • The cream should be whipped till it starts to thicken and the bubbles disappear.
  • If you are finding it difficult to float the cream then you can pour it over the back of a spoon and on to the coffee. This will help it to float perfectly.
  • Do not stir the coffee after adding cream as the main idea here is to float the cream on top. Also, by not stirring it, you will keep the coffee warmer for long.

Irish coffee

All that you wanted to know about Irish coffee glasses:

Once you have learnt the art of making perfect Irish coffee, it is important to serve it well. As it is an alcoholic drink, you are not supposed to serve it in regular coffee cups. A unique way to relish Irish coffee is by drinking and serving it in Irish coffee glasses. Yes, you read it right! The coffee is not served in coffee cups but in Irish glasses or mugs. These glasses will enable you to enjoy your drink entirely.

There are several Irish coffee glasses available in the market and you can select the one as per your preference. Some glasses have foots while others do not. Similarly, some Irish coffee glasses have handles while others are available without handles. The common Irish mugs are made of thick, clear glass so that your coffee looks attractive. Most of these sturdy mugs are dishwasher safe. The mugs or glasses can even be used for serving similar hot drinks. You can buy some fancy glasses for serving coffee to guests or can even spend a handsome price on purchasing antique glasses.

Irish coffee glasses

Some mugs have markings done on it. These markings help in preparing the coffee easily. If you buy such mugs then you will save yourself from measuring coffee and whiskey everyday before adding it in the coffee glass. These are quite handy for those who enjoy Irish coffee on a daily basis. So, buy them and have a great time while enjoying Irish coffee with your loved ones! And, don’t forget that the right way to drink Irish coffee is through the cream.

How To Make Turkish Coffee!

In Turkey, having Turkish coffee is a daily ritual in most of the houses. Moreover, offering coffee to guests is a way to show gratitude and celebrate friendship and love. A common etiquette that you would notice in each house is that they ask their guests about the way they want their coffee to be brewed. Some people prefer having coffee without sugar while others require more sugar. So, depending on their preference, the host is supposed to make coffee and accordingly serve it to them. This is a common practice and is been followed by most of the people in Turkey.

After reading all this, you might be wondering how to make Turkish coffee? Well, in this post I will explain the authentic recipe of brewing Turkish coffee. Moreover, you can even read important tips on making the perfect cup of coffee, information on Turkish coffee makers, Turkish coffee cups, how to brew Turkish coffee, how to drink Turkish coffee and much more. So, keep reading!

Mentioned below is an easy Turkish coffee recipe:

How to make Turkish coffee

The trick to make amazing Turkish coffee is to use freshly roasted beans. Next step is to ground the coffee beans. This can be either done by using a mortar and pestle or it can be grounded in a coffee mill. If you want to save yourself from all this hassle then you can purchase a pre-grinded Turkish coffee powder that is available in most of the Middle Eastern supermarkets.

Now, let’s begin with the recipe of making Turkish coffee. Listed below are the ingredients that you require to make your beverage:
  • Turkish coffee beans – roasted and powdered.
  • Water
  • Ground spices – optional
  • Sugar – optional

Other than the aforesaid ingredients, you would even need an ibrik. Also known as cezve, an ibrik is a special pot that is used for making Turkish coffee. It is a wide bottomed metallic pot that has a spout, a long handle, and a narrow neck. It is a unique utensil and the most important device for making Turkish coffee. If you do not have an ibrik, then you can use a similar shaped utensil or a saucepan.

Once the utensil is selected, the next part is to start preparing coffee. The quantity of coffee powder that you add to the water will highly depend on your preference. Some people like strong brew while others prefer it light. So, you can add the amount of coffee powder as per your choice. If you are making Turkish coffee for the first time then I would suggest you to add one teaspoon of powdered coffee to quarter cup of water.

The next step is to learn how to brew Turkish coffee in the traditional manner:

  • Add grounded coffee and water as per the ratio mentioned above into the ibrik. Ensure that you use cold water for making coffee. Stir it well and then add one more cup of cold water. Keep the ibrik on very slow flame for boiling.
  • The traditional Turkish coffee does not have sugar. However, if you want your cuppa to be little sweet then you can add sugar as per your taste into the ibrik.
  • Similarly, if you prefer then you can add spices to your coffee like cinnamon, cloves, cardamom, nutmeg, etc. Make sure that the spices are powdered well. People who add spices to their coffee are actually drinking the Arabic version of Turkish coffee and not the traditional Turkish coffee.
  • When the coffee starts frothing in the ibrik, stir it continuously. Ensure that you do not keep it on the flame for long. As soon as you see the froth coming up to the edge of the pot, remove it from the heat.
  • Let it cool for a few seconds; then put it again on flame to create foam. Once you see lot of foam on top of the coffee, switch off the flames.
  • Pour the coffee into the traditional Turkish coffee cups. No need to strain it. Just add the entire coffee with the muddy grounds in the cups.
  • Make sure that you pour the coffee slowly into the cups so that the froth does not scald away. A tip here is to pour the coffee near the sides of the cup and not in the middle. The more the froth, the better it will taste.
  • Voila! Your cup of Turkish coffee is ready to be served! The right way to drink it is by waiting for a few seconds until the grounds settle at the bottom of the cup. Then, drinking it slowly while relishing its flavors.

Preparing Turkish coffee is not a difficult task. Moreover, some important techniques that are mentioned-below will enable you to create the perfect cup of coffee.

Here are some vital tips to make the perfect cup of Turkish coffee:

  • Select the best Turkish coffee beans like java, mocha, Viennese roast, etc.
  • Serve the coffee with a glass of water as a sip of water will allow the person to clear their palate. Drinking coffee after that will taste better.
  • The coffee beans should be finely powdered.
  • Fresh coffee beans will make better foam.
  • Let the coffee come to a boil in an ibrik on very slow heat as that will make the coffee taste better.
  • Do not stir after pouring coffee in the cups as the foam will scald away.
  • If you are serving several cups then ensure that you add the top foam to each cup as that is the tastiest part of the coffee. A tip here is to use a spoon for adding foam to each cup.
  • To make the grounds settle at the bottom of the cup quickly, you can use a tiny splash of cold water.
  • Always serve the coffee without spilling it into the saucer or rim of the cups. The appearance of the cup should be clean otherwise it is considered to be rude.
  • As the traditional Turkish coffee is unsweetened, you should serve some sweet delicacy with the coffee like a chocolate.
  • You should stop sipping coffee as soon as the grounds start coming to your mouth. The muddy portion of the coffee is supposed to be left out at the bottom of the cup.

Turkish coffee maker vs. electric Turkish coffee maker:

Turkish coffee maker

You can either use a traditional Turkish coffee maker like the one in the image above or an electric Turkish coffee maker for making a good cup of coffee. The traditional coffee maker is a pot that has to be kept on stove for making coffee. Usually, it is a thick bottomed copper pot, commonly known as ibrik or cezve. There is a long handle attached to the pot so that it becomes easy to use. On the other hand, the electric Turkish coffee makers usually have different techniques to prepare coffee, but once mastered you can make authentic Turkish coffee every time. As compared to the traditional ibrik, the electric ones are much faster as they heat up the water quickly. However, one thing is for sure that coffee made in traditional Turkish coffee pot always tastes better than using any other coffee maker.

Electric Turkish coffee maker

How to drink Turkish coffee in the authentic Turkish coffee cups:

Turkish coffee is supposed to be drunk slowly, so that you can relish its flavor sip-by-sip. This is the reason there are special Turkish coffee cups that lets your coffee stay hot for a long time. Also called as ‘fincan,’ the Turkish coffee cups are made of thin porcelain that helps in keeping the brew hot for a longer duration. The cups have the correct thickness of porcelain and can hold steady high temperature for a longer period, until the grounds settle down. Moreover, they keep the beverage hot for certain time. Even though Turkish coffee cups look like espresso cups, but they have unique characteristics that make them different. Serving coffee in the traditional Turkish coffee cups is an important ritual of Turkey.Turkish coffee cup

How to Make Turkish Coffee, what cups to use

The Turkish coffee cups were introduced by France in the name of ‘demitasse cup,’ which means half cup as these cups were small in size. Gradually, the size of the Turkish coffee cup kept changing. However, a small sized cup is used even today in most of the houses of Turkey. The most popular and common type of Turkish coffee cup is the demitasse cup that has a handle. The cups that do not have handles are called as ‘Gawa.’

Another kind of cups used for serving coffee is the ‘Ottoman cups.’ These cups have jeweled metal holders with a glass or porcelain cup put into them. They are the better version of Gawa cups as the chances of burning fingers while drinking coffee gets minimized with Ottoman cups. Most of the Ottoman cups are made up of silver or gold motifs, and other precious gems.

Even today, coffee is served to very special guests in these cups.

An important aspect while serving coffee is to use the customary Turkish coffee set. The usual coffee set consists of a serving tray, cups with lids, sugar holder with lid, and spoons. The entire set plays a significant role in the presentation of coffee. There are several types of Turkish coffee sets available in the markets and depending on your preference and budget you can purchase them. For your special guests, you could consider buying the Ottoman style cups that come with lids. However, for daily use you could plan to buy a set that is cheaper. Whatever you select, always ensure that you buy the Turkish coffee set that showcases the workmanship and culture of Turkey.

Turkish coffee set

Once you are a proud owner of a beautiful Turkish coffee set, you need to take good care of it by cleaning it carefully. Do not put them in a dishwasher. Always wash them carefully by hand and rinse them with cold water. Then, dry them by using a soft cloth. Cleaning the Turkish coffee sets carefully will ensure that their design and polish remains protected forever.

Now that you have learnt how to make Turkish coffee, you can prepare the authentic brew and serve it to your guests or family!

How To Make Arabic Coffee?

The conventional way to make Arabic qahwa is by using a dallah. Qahwa denotes coffee in the Arab countries, which is prepared by using various spices. The traditional coffee does not contain milk and sugar, thereby making it a healthy beverage. The unique blend of numerous spices makes the Arabic coffee quite different from the coffee that we prepare in other countries. There are various variations done to the typical Arabic coffee throughout the Middle East. In this article, we have revealed how to make Arabic coffee in the traditional manner by using dallah and then serving it in a finjaan. We have even discussed the right kind of Arabic coffee beans that should be used for making the spicy beverage. So, keep reading! How to make Arabic coffee will soon be no mystery for you!

How to prepare Arabic coffee:

Before you start preparing Arabic coffee, you need to decide how strong or mild you want your cup of coffee to be. Depending on your preferences, you can add the amount of grinded coffee. For making a mild flavored coffee, you need to add ½ tablespoon of coffee powder to 250 ml of water. Similarly, for a strong flavored coffee, add 2 tablespoons of coffee powder to 250 ml of water.

Although there are various variations to prepare Arabic coffee, listed below is one of the traditional forms of making coffee. The main ingredients that you require to make Arabic coffee are:

  • Arabic coffee beans
  • Water
  • Crushed cardamom
  • Cloves – optional
  • Saffron – optional
  • Rosewater – optional

Procedure for making Arabic coffee:

To begin with, you need to grind the Arabic coffee beans into a fine or coarse powder. Or, you can even purchase grinded coffee beans from the local shop. Depending on your preference, buy the coffee beans accordingly as some people prefer finely grounded beans while others like it to be coarse.

If you are grinding the beans at home, then once they are grounded well, you need to preheat the thermos by filling it with water. On a stovetop, keep a dallah and add 3 cups of water. Bring the water to a boil on medium heat. Reduce the heat and add 3 tablespoons of grounded coffee beans. Brew the coffee on low heat for 10-15 minutes. You will notice lot of foam rising on the top of the dallah. Once the foam starts forming, switch of the flame instantly. If the coffee starts to boil, then it will get burnt. Let the foam settle for a minute. This is the right time to add 1 tablespoon grinded cardamom. If you are adding grinded cloves, then you can add it to the dallah now.

Once the foam settles, you have to heat the coffee again and bring it to a boil. Foam will be formed once again in the dallah. Switch off the flame and let the coffee settle for 5-10 minutes. This will ensure that the grounded coffee settles to the bottom of the dallah. Remove the pre-heated water from the thermos. If you are adding saffron and rosewater to your coffee, then add it to the emptied thermos now. Pour the coffee into the thermos till you see the grounded coffee coming out of the

Remove the pre-heated water from the thermos. 

If you are adding saffron and rosewater to your coffee, then add it to the emptied thermos now. Pour the coffee into the thermos till you see the grounded coffee coming out of the dallah. You need to stop pouring instantly. Let a small amount of coffee remain at the bottom of the dallah. As per your preference, you can even strain your coffee before adding it to the thermos. Allow the coffee to settle for 5-10 minutes then serve it in the traditional Arabic coffee cups.

Here is an important part!

Always pour the coffee slowly into each cup and ensure that you do not fill one cup at a time. The top layer of the coffee is the tastiest one so you need to make sure that you distribute it in each cup by filling them little by little. As the traditional Arabic coffee does not contain sugar, it tastes spicy and bitter. So, you can serve some sweet with the coffee for your guests.

How to prepare Arabic coffee

Selecting the right Arabic coffee beans:

The Arabic coffee beans are available in various supermarkets, malls and souks (Arab market). Usually, the coffee beans are lightly roasted and are light brown in color as compared to the coffee you get in Europe. Moreover, the addition of various spices in the coffee gives it a green color. Traditionally, the coffee beans are freshly roasted and then grounded to provide fresh flavor to the beverage. However, some people prefer buying pre-grinded beans too. There are different varieties of powdered beans available in the markets and some of them even have spices grinded with the beans. This gets better as people do not have to grind spices specially while making coffee.

There are four kinds of roast available in the supermarkets or the local stores that sell spices:

  • Arabic; commonly called as local coffee or Khaleeji coffee.
  • Light Saudi
  • Medium Turkish
  • Dark Turkish

Interesting information on the Arabic coffee pot:

Arabic coffee pot

Arabic coffee is made on the stovetop in a special coffee pot that is called as ‘dallah’. It is a kind of saucepan and if you do not have one, then you can even use a Turkish cezve. Dallah has been used for centuries in the Arab countries to brew coffee. It is available in brass, steel, silver, or even gold.

The traditional dallah used to be richly ornamented and engraved with various patterns. It is extremely famous in UAE and you might even come across a huge dallah kept as a decorative piece on the streets of Abu Dhabi. This is crazy as one of the dirham coins of UAE also consists of a picture of dallah.

Preparing coffee in a dallah is a popular practice that has been followed by the Arabs since several years. Once the coffee is boiled in a dallah for few minutes, it is poured in a thermos so that it stays warm for a long time. The coffee is served from the thermos in tiny cups to the guests. Serving the coffee is quite unique as it is served in a small cup that is called as finjaan.

All that you want to know about the Arabic coffee cups:

Arabic coffee cups

Finjaan is the name of the coffee cups in which Arabic coffee is usually served. These cups are petite, cylindrical in shape, and do not have handles. The cups are usually matching with the inscribed or patterned serving tray. These trays are generally made of silver or brass.

Want to know the best part? The coffee cups are always filled up to half. Guests are usually served two to three servings of coffee. It is customary to accept at least one cup of coffee; however, you can even have more if you like.

The traditional Arabic coffee is made without sugar. However, you can add sugar if you prefer your coffee to be sweet. Also, milk is not added to the coffee, but it can be altered as per your preferences.

How to make Arabic coffee

Did you know this about how to make Arabic coffee?

  • Serving Arabic coffee is a ceremonial act of showcasing kindness and hospitality. So, it is very rude to decline a cup of coffee when offered to anyone in Middle East countries.
  • Coffee is served at all vital events like wedding and funerals. Moreover, if a girl serves coffee to the family of her lover, then it means that she has accepted the wedding proposal.
  • If the occasion is bitter then the coffee is bitterer. In such situations, it is alright if the guests takes a couple of sips from the coffee cup and leaves the rest.
  • It is not considered good etiquette to fill the coffee cup more than half with coffee.
  • The coffee is always served with right hand and even accepted by the guest with right hand.
  • Guests are supposed to swirl the cup to indicate that you have finished drinking your coffee and are ready for some more.
  • The last sip of coffee is often ended with a blessing so that they continue drinking coffee in the same way forever.

Now that you have learnt how to make Arabic coffee, don’t forget to surprise your guests and family members with this spicy beverage!